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Dr. A.B. (Andrea) Leiter PhD

Faculty of Law
Public International Law

Visiting address
  • Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
  • Room number: 10.03
Postal address
  • Postbus 15859
    1001 NJ Amsterdam
Social media
  • Profile

    Andrea Leiter is an Assistant Professor at the Amsterdam Center for International Law. Her research focuses on technology enabled governance and is embedded in the Sustainable Global Economic Law (SGEL) project. She researches on global inequality and transnational law making through private actors with a focus on the digital economy and blockchain technology. 

    Andrea obtained her PhD in a jointly-awarded degree program between the University of Melbourne and the University of Vienna where she was funded by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Her resulting manuscript titled ‘Making the World Safe for Investment: The Protection of Foreign Property 1922-1959’ is forthcoming with Cambridge University Press. 

    She is the Direcor of Research at the Sovereign Nature Initiative working at the intersection of ecology, economy and technology. She is a junior faculty member at the Institute for Global Law and Policy at Harvard Law School.

  • Publications

    Peer-reviewed articles

    ‘Legal Engineering on the Blockchain – Smart Contracts as Lawful Conduct’ – Politics of Blockchain Supplement 29(2) Law & Critique (2018) (with Jake Goldenfein)

    ‘The Silent Impact of the 1917 Revolutions on International Investment Law’ 6(10) ESIL Reflection (2017)

    Book chapters

    ‘Contestations over Legal Authority – The Lena Goldfields Arbitration 1930’ in Orford, Anne et al (eds) Revolutions in International Law (Cambridge University Press, in press 2020)

    ‘The Jurisdiction of National Courts for Extraterritorial Human Rights Violations’ – ‘Zur Zuständigkeit nationaler Gerichte bei extraterritorialen Menschenrechtsverletzungen’ in Bockley, Andrea/Kriebaum, Ursula/Reinisch, August (eds) Nichtstaatliche Akteure und Interventionsverbot (Peter Lang, 2015)

    Other scholarly publications

    ‘Law-making in Cyberspace: a Snapshot from a Field in Motion’ Harvard International Law Journal Online Scholarship Frontiers (accepted for publication, forthcoming 2020)

     ‘Blockchain Governance: Designing Societal Interactions in the Digital Age’ Crypto Law Review (October 2019) – (with Delphine Dogot and Outi Korhonen)

     ‘Review Essay – Anthea Roberts Is International Law International’ 19 (1) Melbourne Journal of International Law (2018)


    ‘Narratives of Disruption: Legal Form and Decentralised Governance’ in Gandorfer, Daniela/Goodrich, Peter (eds) Research Handbook in Law and Literature (Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2021)

     ‘Telegraphs: Communication and Technology Regulation as Jurisdictional Practice’ in Vec, Milos/Starski, Paulina (eds) Western International Law 1776-1870 in Lesaffer, Randall The Cambridge History of International Law (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2021) (with Jake Goldenfein)

  • Service & Editorial Positions

    Editor, Crypto Law Review 

    Managing Editor, Glossary of Distributed Technologies, Internet Policy Review

    Program Committee, Cryptoeconomic Systems MIT Press   

    Review Editor, Technology and Law, Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence            

  • Consulting

    Member, COALA Working Group – DAO Model Law

    Legal expert, Odyssey Hackathon – for the challenge ‘Sovereign Nature’ developing technologically enabled solutions towards ‘Protecting Marine Biodiversity in International Waters’ in collaboration with IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) and ICEL (International Council for Environmental Law)           

    Advisor, start-up Lexon Foundation – developing human readable programming language 

    Advisor, German Development Agency GIZ Blockchain Lab – Report ‘International Water Governance and Smart Contracts’  

  • Director of Research - Sovereign Nature Initiative
  • Publications


    • Leiter, A. (Accepted/In press). Making the world safe for investment: the protection of foreign property 1922-1959: Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law. Cambridge University Press.


    • Leiter, A. (2022). Life in Blocks: How Blockchain Technology Narrates the World. In P. Goodrich, D. Gandorfer, & C. Gebruers (Eds.), Research Handbook on Law and Literature Routledge.
    • Leiter, A. (2022). Protecting Concessionary Rights: General Principles and the Making of International Investment Law. Leiden Journal of International Law, 35(1), 55-69. [details]
    • Leiter, A. B., & Petersmann, M. (2022). Tech‑based Prototypes in Climate Governance: On Scalability, Replicability, and Representation. Law and Critique.







    Journal editor

    Talk / presentation

    • Leiter, A. (speaker) (9-4-2022). Law, Technology and the Human conference - April 2022.
    • Leiter, A. (speaker) & Dogot, D. (speaker) (11-11-2021). Augmented Order - the Hyper-formalism of Blockchain or Blockchain as Trans-legalism, COHUBICOL -Counting as a Human Being in the Era of Computational Law.
    • Leiter, A. (speaker) (11-9-2021). ESIL Closing Panel - Global Law as the End of International Law?, European Society of International Law (ESIL) Annual Conference 2021, Stockholm.
    • Leiter, A. (speaker) (1-9-2021). Technology driven agency of 'nature', Normandy Chair for Peace.
    • Leiter, A. (speaker) (31-8-2021). Blockchain as a Matter of Jurisdiction - Or where does Consent Live?, Arbeitskreis junger Völkerrechtswissenschafter_innen.
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • Stichting Sovereign Nature Initiative
      Director of Research